Volume 5, Issue 4, December 2019, Page: 82-87
Increased Production of Horticultural Crops Through the Introduction of Postharvest Handling Technology
Mohammed Temam, Ethiopia Institute of Agricultural Research, Agricultural Engineering Research, Melkassa, Ethiopia
Received: Aug. 23, 2019;       Accepted: Nov. 13, 2019;       Published: Nov. 21, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijbecs.20190504.15      View  17      Downloads  5
Abstract
Low-temperature storage structures are the major weapon that the postharvest operator uses to maintain quality and extend life of harvested horticultural products. A low temperature not only reduces respiration rate, but also water loss through transpiration, nutritional loss, postharvest decay and ethylene production. Laboratory studies were conducted on the water holding capacity of the selected walling materials after socking them in water overnight. Scoria, charcoal and filla (single strap and double strap) were used for the study at different times. A water holding capacity of up to 122.72% was recorded in 24 hours of soaking in the case of the filla walling material. Similar studies were conducted on other walling materials like scoria and charcoal. Tests were conducted under no load and loaded conditions. Longer shelf life is manifested in the scoria and charcoal storage structures, attributed to higher humidity, lower temperature, less color change indicates lower rate of spoilage. Three creates of cleaned potato were stored in the potato store and in the laboratory as a control. Data on weight loss, spoilage and sprouting were taken for 50 days for the ware potato. Then the test was extended for another two months to assess the quality of the structure as a seed potato store. The degree of spoilage was lower compared to the control, but the difference was not significant in the ware potato. As a seed store, the number of sprouts, especially higher number of potatoes with greater than 5 sprouts was recorded in the control, which was also significant. From this preliminary result the structure could be a better choice as a potato seed store.
Keywords
Charcoal, Filla, Scoria, Spoilage, Temperature
To cite this article
Mohammed Temam, Increased Production of Horticultural Crops Through the Introduction of Postharvest Handling Technology, International Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Clinical Science. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2019, pp. 82-87. doi: 10.11648/j.ijbecs.20190504.15
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Kitinoja, L. 2002. Making the link: Extension of post-harvest technology P (18). In: A. A Kader (ed), Post-harvest technology of horticultural crops. 3rd edition. Publication 3311. University of California. Oakland.
[2]
Kitinoja, L and Kader A, A. 2003. Small scale postharvest handling practices: A manual for horticultural crops (4th edition). Post-harvest technology research and information center, University of California, Davis.
[3]
Ray, R. C. and Ravi, V. 2005. Post-harvest spoilage of sweet potation tropics and control measures. Ctr. Rev. Food Sci. Nutr. 45: 623-644.
[4]
CIGR. 1999. Agro Processing Engineering. CIGR handbook of Agricultural Engineering Volume IV. ASAE. 1999.
[5]
Thompson, J. F., and R. F. Kasmire. 1981. An evaporative cooler for vegetable crops. Calif. Agric. 35 (3&4): 20-21.
[6]
Nenguwo, N. 2000. Appropriate technology cold store construction and review of postharvest transport and handling practices for export of fresh produce from Rwanda. USAID/Rwanda SO3.
[7]
Laike Kebede and Shimeles Aklilu. 2008. Development of naturally ventilated onion bulb storage structures. In Friew kelemu, Omar Taha and Gessesew Likieleh (eds.). Proceedings of the First Natioanal Agricultural Mechanization Completed Research Forum., June 5-7, 207. Pp 128-136.
[8]
APO, 2006.post harvest management of fruit and vegetables in the Asia – pacific.
[9]
FAO (2006). Postharvest Management of Fruit and Vegetables in the Asia-Pacific.
[10]
A. Bhatia, 2012. Principles of Evaporative Cooling System: PDH Online | PDH Center, pp. 1.
[11]
O. Amer, et al. (2015),’ A Review of Evaporative Cooling Technologies,’ International Journal of Environmental Science and Development, Vol. 6, No. 2, pp. 1.
[12]
International Institute of Refrigeration Information, 2015. Evaporative cooling, France, parise.
[13]
K. eggie, 2008. Design and testing of an evaporative cooling system using an ultrasonic humidifier, Department of Bioresource Engineering.
[14]
Arya M, Arya A and Rajput SPS (2009). An environment friendly cooling option. Journal of Environmental Research and Development.
[15]
Sanni, L. A (1999). Development of Evaporative Cooling Storage System for Vegetable Crops. M.Sc. project report, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Obafemi Awolowo.
[16]
Dvizama, A. U. (2000). Performance Evaluation of an Active Cooling System for the Storage of Fruits and Vegetables. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Ibadan, Ibadan.
Browse journals by subject